President Trump signed the USMCA, commonly referred to as “new NAFTA,” on November 30, 2018, but Pelosi has yet to put the trade deal on the democratic front because of Democrat concerns. Mexico ratified the original trade agreement in June and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said he will put the amended agreement to a vote as soon as it passes the U.S. House of Representatives. In addition, there is a provision that the agreement itself must be reviewed every six years by the three nations, with a 16-year forfeiture clause. The contract may be renewed for a period of 16 years during the six-year review period.  The introduction of the Sunset clause gives more control in the organization of the future of the USMCA in the hands of national governments. However, there is concern that this could lead to greater uncertainty. Sectors such as automotive require significant investment in cross-border supply chains.  Given the dominant position of the U.S. consumer market, it is likely that this will put pressure on companies to establish more production in the United States, with a higher probability of higher production costs for these vehicles.
 The agreement is a reboot of the North American Free Trade Agreement, which has governed trade between the United States and its neighbors since 1994. While Trump promoted the USMCA as a major overhaul that replaced the “NAFTA nightmare,” as he called it in his speech Wednesday, trade experts said the characterization was imprecise. In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Donald Trump`s campaign included a promise to renegotiate or eliminate NAFTA if the renegotiations fail.  After the election, Trump made a series of changes that influenced trade relations with other countries. The exit from the Paris Agreement, the cessation of participation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations and the significantly larger increase in tariffs with China were some of the steps he took, which reinforced the fact that he was serious about changing NAFTA.  Much of the debate about the virtues and errors of the USMCA resembles the debate on all free trade agreements (FTAs), such as the nature of free trade agreements as public goods, potential violations of national sovereignty and the role of commercial, labour, environmental and consumer interests in the development of the language of trade agreements. The U.S. economy said the news that the agreement would progress was a relief and asked Congress to get it to vote quickly. Canada and Mexico are two of the United States` major trading partners. Growing objections within Member States to U.S. trade policy and various aspects of the USMCA have had an impact on the signing and ratification process.
Mexico said it would not sign the USMCA if tariffs on steel and aluminum were maintained.  Based on the results of the November 6, 2018 U.S. election, it has been speculated that the greater power of Democrats in the House of Representatives could jeopardize the passage of the USMCA agreement.   Bill Pascrell, a senior Democrat, argued for changes to the USMCA to pass Congress.  Republicans have opposed the USMCA provisions that impose labour rights on LGBTQ and pregnant workers.  Forty Republicans in Congress have asked Mr. Trump not to sign an agreement that includes “the unprecedented integration of sexual orientation and the language of gender identity.” As a result, Trump ultimately signed a revised version that required each nation only to “policies it deems appropriate to protect workers from discrimination in the workplace” and said the United States would not be required to introduce additional non-discrimination laws.  The Canadian government expressed concern about the changes that have occurred under the USMCA agreement.  The U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) will be “the best and most important trade agreement that the